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The Danish economy is well prepared for a boom

The Danish economy is well prepared for the boom that it is now entering. The economy may continue to expand without any imbalances, but experience also shows that it can overheat suddenly and violently.


Central bank digital currency would not result in better payment solutions

The potential benefits of introducing central bank digital currency in Denmark would not match the considerable challenges resulting from such a decision. Danmarks Nationalbank therefore has no plans to introduce central bank digital currency.


Several banks are stepping on the accelerator

The profits of banks and mortgage banks are increasing. This has contributed to a boost in optimism in the financial sector and an increase in the institutions' risk appetite, which is reflected in easing of credit standards. Several credit institutions have increased lending to cyclical industries. The aggregate trend in bank lending in combination with other factors indicates that the risks are building up in the financial system. Danmarks Nationalbank assesses that the conditions for activating the countercyclical capital buffer are in place.


Denmark's large surplus is temporary

Denmark has had a current account surplus for almost 27 consecutive years. In recent years, the high current account surplus reflects consolidation among households and firms in the wake of the financial crisis. As concluded by Danmarks Nationalbank in an analysis, a part of the extraordinarily high surplus is assessed to be temporary.


Government bond spread unaffected by ECB QE

The yield spread between Danish and German government bonds has not been affected by the 2015 announcement by the European Central Bank (ECB) that it planned to purchase government bonds in the market, working paper shows.


The Danish economy is in a strong upswing

The current upswing in the Danish economy is solid. The growth in GDP is expected to increase to 2.3 per cent in 2017 from 1.7 per cent in 2016. This is an upward adjustment compared with Danmarks Nationalbank's March forecast. So far the recovery during the upswing has been balanced. Although the employment rises rapidly and the pressure on the labour market – especially in the construction sector – intensifies, there is a good chance that the balanced development can continue.


The Danes' consumption and saving patterns are still affected by the financial crisis

7-8 years after the onset of the financial crisis, it is still affecting the Danes’ consumption and saving patterns. The vast majority of Danish households reduced their consumption immediately after the onset of the financial crisis, but since then diverging patterns have been seen for net savers and net borrowers among the households.


Good times in the banking sector but risk of speed blindness

Bank earnings are record high. In some areas, current developments are similar to developments in the period up to the financial crisis. Large Danish banks have a lower capital base than that of other Nordic banks.


China’s significance for Danish exports continues to grow

Danish exports to China are playing an ever increasing role. Accounting for just under 6 per cent of final demand for Danish exports, China is approaching the UK, Denmark’s fourth largest export market.


For the first time in at least 183 years, the Danish central government has no foreign currency loans

On 20 March 2017, the Danish central government will repay its last loan in foreign currency, totalling 1.5 billion dollars. Thus – for the first time in at least 183 years – the Danish central government has no foreign currency loans.