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Monetary and financial trends – March 2018

The Danish krone has been stable, on the strong side of the central rate vis-à-vis the euro. Danmarks Nationalbank has not intervened in the foreign exchange market in the past eleven months up to the end of February. Government bond yields in Denmark increased towards the end of 2017 and at the beginning of 2018. Companies and households increased their borrowing at a stable, but subdued, rate.


Annual report 2017

Danmarks Nationalbank's accounts for 2017 show a loss of kr. 254 million, compared with a profit of kr. 3,928 million in 2016. Much of the loss is attributable to the fact that a large part of the foreign exchange reserve earns negative interest.


Danish government borrowing and debt 2017

Denmark's central government debt was 21 per cent of GDP at the end of 2017. This is a decrease from 2016, attributable to a government budget surplus. In 2017, on average, the central government issued bonds at a yield to maturity of 0.2 per cent and a maturity of 7.5 years. Interest costs for the central government debt totalled 0.8 per cent of GDP. The yield spread to Germany narrowed, and liquidity improved further in the market for Danish government bonds in 2017, where the central government introduced a new primary dealer model.


Monetary and financial trends - Stable krone and limited intervention

In the last six months, the Danish krone has been stable slightly on the strong side of the central rate vis-à-vis the euro. In the beginning of this period, Danmarks Nationalbank intervened modestly in the foreign exchange market. Danmarks Nationalbank has kept its monetary policy rates unchanged. Growth in total lending to households and the corporate sector has been moderate. The level of debt is still relatively high.


Oversight of the financial infrastructure

In this report, Danmarks Nationalbank presents the conclusions from its oversight of the Danish core payment and settlement systems as well as the most important payment instruments in 2016. Danmarks Nationalbank finds that the operational stability of the core systems and instruments has been satisfactory, and generally there has been ample liquidity in the systems for the settlement of payments. Danmarks Nationalbank has requested analyses whether the systems subject to oversight comply with the CPMI-IOSCO guidance on cyber resilience for financial market infrastructures. In addition, Danmarks Nationalbank’s oversight has focused on the management of risks arising from interdependencies between the payments infrastructure systems.


Dankort Assessment

Danmarks Nationalbank has assessed Dankort, which is owned by Nets A/S, against the standards for card payment schemes established by the European Central Bank, ECB. Dankort's performance is stable with a high degree of availability, and Dankort fraud is low by international comparison. Danmarks Nationalbank's assessment contains recommendations to Nets A/S about, inter alia, more systematic knowledge management in relation to Dankort. Other recommendations concern expansion of Dankort-related risk analyses and strengthening the framework for decision-making and communication. Danmarks Nationalbank oversees the payment and settlement systems in Denmark in order to promote safe and efficient settlement of payments, securities trades, etc. Dankort is one of the solutions subject to this oversight.