Report

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20-03-2020

Annual Report 2019

Danmarks Nationalbank's accounts for 2019 show a profit of kr. 6,096 million, compared with a loss of kr. 24 million in 2018. Both the gold stock, equity exposure and bond holdings contributed significantly to the result for the year. This report is based on information available up to 7 March 2020.

31-01-2020

Danish government borrowing and debt 2019

Denmark's central government debt amounted to 18 per cent of GDP at the end of 2019. The debt has decreased considerably since 2012, when it peaked after the financial crisis. The central government's financing requirement was met at record-low yields in 2019. The central government issued nominal bonds at an average yield to maturity of -0.33 per cent p.a. and an average maturity of 8 years. Interest costs on the central government debt totalled 0.6 per cent of GDP. In 2019, the central government purchased all the bonds issued for financing social housing. Since early 2018, the central government has purchased bonds for almost kr. 95 billion at market value.

11-10-2019

Betalingsservice Assessment

Danmarks Nationalbank has assessed Betalingsservice, which is owned and operated by Nets, against the standards for direct debit schemes established by the European Central Bank, ECB. Danmarks Nationalbank's overall assessment is that Nets has ensured that Betalingsservice extensively complies with the ECB requirements. At the same time, Danmarks Nationalbank has recommendations and remarks on how to strengthen Nets' management and operation of Betalingsservice. Inter alia, Danmarks Nationalbank recommends that Nets strengthen the compliance area and formalise its requirements for the critical suppliers' risk management. It is also remarked that the transparency of the fee structure will be enhanced if the firms clearly show their own fees to the consumers. Nets can be conducive to ensuring this. Danmarks Nationalbank oversees the payment and settlement systems in Denmark in order to promote safe and efficient settlement of payments, securities trades, etc. Betalingsservice is one of the solutions subject to this oversight.

03-06-2019

Oversight of the financial infrastructure 2018

The report presents the conclusions from Danmarks Nationalbank's oversight of the Danish payments infrastructure in 2018. Two major system changes were introduced with the implementation of Kronos2 and the migration of kroner to the trans-European securities platform, T2S. The core payment and settlement systems and most important payment solutions extensively comply with international standards for efficiency and security. Cyber risk management was still a focus area of Danmarks Nationalbank's oversight. The maturity of the systems' cyber security efforts varies.

20-03-2019

Annual report 2018

Danmarks Nationalbank's accounts for 2018 show a loss of kr. 24 million, compared with a loss of kr. 254 million in 2017. Danmarks Nationalbank’s revenue is subject to structural pressure from negative interest rates. The loss not being greater is i.a. due to the temporary exchange rate gain of kr. 1.4 billion as a consequence of the strengthening of the euro against.

31-01-2019

Danish government borrowing and debt 2018

Denmark's government debt policy has been characterised by four years of very low funding costs and declining debt. In 2018, the central government debt fell to 19 per cent of GDP. The central government saves considerable interest costs by granting on-lending and buying bonds to finance social housing. At the same time, it contributes to supporting the market for government securities. Market liquidity is also supported by the central government's activity in the secondary market and by a well-functioning primary dealer model.

12-09-2018

Monetary and financial trends - September 2018

The krone has been stable, and it is the longest period without interventions in the currency market since adopting the fixed exchange rate regime in 1982. The ECB continues to normalise its monetary policy and expects to end net purchases of bonds after December 2018. In recent years, Danish households have shifted to loans with lower interest rate risk and loans with amortisation. This makes their disposable income less sensitive to interest rate changes. ((From 2019 is published as an analysis)

09-05-2018

Assessment of the Danish retail payment systems

Danmarks Nationalbank oversees payment and settlement systems in Denmark in order to promote a safe and efficient financial infrastructure. Danmarks Nationalbank has performed an assessment of whether the Danish retail payment systems observe international standards for payment systems. The assessment shows that the systems extensively observe the security and efficiency requirements. Nevertheless, Danmarks Nationalbank recommends improvements in a number of areas.

30-04-2018

Oversight of the financial infrastructure

This report presents the conclusions of Danmarks Nationalbank's oversight in 2017 of the core payment and settlement systems in Denmark and the most important payment solutions. The core systems and solutions extensively comply with international standards for efficiency and security, though there is still room for improvement. Cyber risks and risks arising from interdependencies remain a focus of Danmarks Nationalbank's oversight. Not all systems have made the same headway in the work regarding cyber security. This work is also carried out at sector level.

14-03-2018

Monetary and financial trends – March 2018

The Danish krone has been stable, on the strong side of the central rate vis-à-vis the euro. Danmarks Nationalbank has not intervened in the foreign exchange market in the past eleven months up to the end of February. Government bond yields in Denmark increased towards the end of 2017 and at the beginning of 2018. Companies and households increased their borrowing at a stable, but subdued, rate.

14-03-2018

Annual report 2017

Danmarks Nationalbank's accounts for 2017 show a loss of kr. 254 million, compared with a profit of kr. 3,928 million in 2016. Much of the loss is attributable to the fact that a large part of the foreign exchange reserve earns negative interest.

31-01-2018

Danish government borrowing and debt 2017

Denmark's central government debt was 21 per cent of GDP at the end of 2017. This is a decrease from 2016, attributable to a government budget surplus. In 2017, on average, the central government issued bonds at a yield to maturity of 0.2 per cent and a maturity of 7.5 years. Interest costs for the central government debt totalled 0.8 per cent of GDP. The yield spread to Germany narrowed, and liquidity improved further in the market for Danish government bonds in 2017, where the central government introduced a new primary dealer model.

13-09-2017

Monetary and financial trends - Stable krone and limited intervention

In the last six months, the Danish krone has been stable slightly on the strong side of the central rate vis-à-vis the euro. In the beginning of this period, Danmarks Nationalbank intervened modestly in the foreign exchange market. Danmarks Nationalbank has kept its monetary policy rates unchanged. Growth in total lending to households and the corporate sector has been moderate. The level of debt is still relatively high.

19-05-2017

Oversight of the financial infrastructure

In this report, Danmarks Nationalbank presents the conclusions from its oversight of the Danish core payment and settlement systems as well as the most important payment instruments in 2016. Danmarks Nationalbank finds that the operational stability of the core systems and instruments has been satisfactory, and generally there has been ample liquidity in the systems for the settlement of payments. Danmarks Nationalbank has requested analyses whether the systems subject to oversight comply with the CPMI-IOSCO guidance on cyber resilience for financial market infrastructures. In addition, Danmarks Nationalbank’s oversight has focused on the management of risks arising from interdependencies between the payments infrastructure systems.

17-05-2017

Dankort Assessment

Danmarks Nationalbank has assessed Dankort, which is owned by Nets A/S, against the standards for card payment schemes established by the European Central Bank, ECB. Dankort's performance is stable with a high degree of availability, and Dankort fraud is low by international comparison. Danmarks Nationalbank's assessment contains recommendations to Nets A/S about, inter alia, more systematic knowledge management in relation to Dankort. Other recommendations concern expansion of Dankort-related risk analyses and strengthening the framework for decision-making and communication. Danmarks Nationalbank oversees the payment and settlement systems in Denmark in order to promote safe and efficient settlement of payments, securities trades, etc. Dankort is one of the solutions subject to this oversight.

15-03-2017

Monetary and Financial Trends - Stable krone and calm money market

In recent months the Danish krone has been stable vis-á-vis the euro at a slightly stronger level than the central rate. In February, demand for kroner rose due to increased focus on uncertainty about the outcome of the upcoming elections in Europe. Hence, Danmarks Nationalbank intervened and sold kroner for kr. 4.7 billion in February. Danmarks Nationalbank has kept the rate of interest on certificates of deposit at -0.65 per cent since January 2016. Money market rates in Denmark and the euro area have been stable for an extended period of time. Fluctuations in short-term Danish money market rate have been reduced after Danmarks Nationalbank's introduction of daily purchases and sales of certificates of deposit.

15-03-2017

Annual Report 2016

Danmarks Nationalbank's accounts for 2016 show a profit of kr. 3.9 billion corresponding to an increase of kr. 0.3 billion compared to the previous year. The increase mainly reflects capital gains on the gold stock, income from sales of fixed assets and gains on the financial portfolios. Exchange rate adjustments and deposits at negative interest rates have a downward impact on the profit. Danmarks Nationalbank transfers kr. 845 million to the central government, while the rest of the profit is transferred to Danmarks Nationalbank's General Reserves.

15-03-2017

Annual report 2016

Danmarks Nationalbank's accounts for 2016 show a profit of kr. 3.9 billion corresponding to an increase of kr. 0.3 billion compared to the previous year. The increase mainly reflects capital gains on the gold stock, income from sales of fixed assets and gains on the financial portfolios. Exchange rate adjustments and deposits at negative interest rates have a downward impact on the profit. Danmarks Nationalbank transfers kr. 845 million to the central government, while the rest of the profit is transferred to Danmarks Nationalbank's General Reserves.

31-01-2017

Danish Government Borrowing and Debt 2016

Denmark's central government debt amounted to 23 per cent of GDP at the end of 2016. The debt thus remained low, and Denmark retained the highest possible credit rating with a stable outlook. The central government's financing requirement was met at record-low yields in 2016. The central government issued nominal bonds at an average yield to maturity of 0.1 per cent and an average maturity of 7 years. Demand for Danish government bonds in the auctions was high. In line with the strategy, government bonds totalling kr. 63 billion were issued via auctions and tap sales. The central government played an active role in the secondary market to support liquidity in the Danish government bond market, which improved compared with 2015.