Other publications may include books, quarterly reviews, annual reports and economic bulletins from the ECB, PhD theses and Danmarks Nationalbank’s policies.

Payment balance

Foreign direct investment

Over the last 30-40 years, the extent of FDI has expanded rapidly, both globally and in Denmark. This has enabled firms to expand more than if they operated solely within the borders of a single country. Very large Danish firms, especially in the industrial sector, are the main Danish investors abroad, especially in Denmark's trading partner countries. FDI generates substantial investment income. FDI abroad is found to neither crowd out nor stimulate domestic investment to any substantial extent.