Economic Memo provides insight into the analysis work being performed by Danmarks Nationalbank’s employees. For example, Economic Memo contains background analyses and method descriptions. The series is primarily targeted at people who already have knowledge of economic and financial analyses.

Inflation and price development
No. 5

Inflation inequality in Denmark

We analyse differences in inflation rates between poor and rich households that arise from heterogeneity in household consumption baskets. Over the 1996 – 2020 period, inflation differences by income are small. From 2020 on, inflation has been about 3pp higher at the bottom of the income distribution than at the top, driven by large price increases in energy and food, which are more important for the consumption baskets of the poor.