Economic Memo

Published Download Title
22-10-2021

Flood risk discounts in the Danish housing market

We investigate the effects of the risk of flooding on the prices of single-family homes in Denmark. Houses that are exposed to flood risk today, as well as houses that will be exposed to flood risk in the future due to rising sea levels, are priced at a discount.

18-08-2021

Digitalised economies have performed better during the pandemic

The pandemic has accelerated the digital transition in many countries. This Economic Memo finds that the degree of digitalisation has had an impact on the magnitude of economic losses during the pandemic. Differences in the EU countries' objectives for digital transition can imply greater digital inequality in the future and a deeper economic gap between the countries. (Memo available in Danish only).

10-08-2021

Three lessons from the Danish wage compensation scheme

This memo aims to take the first steps in analysing the use of the wage compensation scheme in Denmark and its effectiveness to preserve job matches. We find that firms used the furlough programme extensively to save at-risk workers. This focus has been particularly on saving full-time workers and workers with higher tenure.

08-04-2021

How do non-pharmaceutical interventions affect the spread of COVID-19? A literature review

This memo reviews the academic literature on the effectiveness of non-pharmaceutical interventions in mitigating the spread of COVID-19. Only empirical studies are included. Interventions generally reduce COVID-19 spread but the literature is less conclusive for some interventions than others. Intervention timing and local characteristics are determinants of effectiveness.

23-03-2021

A Factor Model Approach to Nowcasting Danish GDP

This memo documents a nowcasting model for Danish GDP used during the economic crisis related to the outbreak of COVID-19. During this crisis, the model provided timely and more accurate nowcasts than a simple model. To improve the timeliness of nowcasts we make use of new high-frequency indicators.

11-02-2021

High savings during corona were driven by restrictions rather than precautionary consumers

Households' savings increased significantly during the first wave of the corona pandemic in Denmark and several other countries. This Economic Memo finds that the higher savings in Denmark were driven by restrictions rather than precautionary consumers. Precautionary savings have so far been relatively limited and smaller than during the financial crisis. (Memo available in Danish only).

03-02-2021

The IMF's provision of insurance against balance of payments needs and how to improve it

The memo summarizes the design and use of the IMF's precautionary facilities since their introduction and discusses lessons and potential reform options. In particular, the framework for these facilities should be adjusted to address prolonged use at high access levels.

03-12-2020

How does COVID-19 affect r*?

This memo discusses effects of COVID-19 on interest rates through the lens of global movements in the natural real interest rate. While government spending and public debt issuance are likely to cause a rise in r*, r* may decline due to precautionary behaviour. The net effect is uncertain.

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