Most banks in Denmark, including all the major banks and mortgage credit institutions, hold accounts with Danmarks Nationalbank in the same way that private individuals hold accounts with retail banks. In other words, Danmarks Nationalbank serves as banker to the banks for payments in Danish kroner, where Kronos2 functions as the banks’ online bank.
Payments in euro are not settled via Kronos2, but via the pan-European system T2 (previously named Target2). From 2025, payments in Danish kroner will also be handled via T2 – a project called TargetDKK.
Direct or indirect participation in Kronos2
Some banks choose to participate indirectly in Kronos2 instead of having an account with Danmarks Nationalbank. This means that they send their payments via a bank that is a direct participant.
Almost all Danish banks and mortgage credit institutions participate directly in Kronos2. In addition, the direct participants include several branches of foreign banks and a few other participants. In total, there are 78 direct participants in Kronos2. In 2022, approx. 2,300 banks from 139 different countries participated indirectly.
Citizens and businesses do not have direct access to accounts at Danmarks Nationalbank, and therefore cannot participate in Kronos2, either directly or indirectly.
Information for Kronos2 participants
All current account holders at Danmarks Nationalbank must participate in Kronos2. The rules and regulations for the account holders are set out in the terms and conditions for accounts.
Kronos2 opening hours
Kronos2 is open for payments on all Danish banking days between 7:00 and 16:45. The new monetary policy day opens at 17:30 for transfers to settlement accounts for the night-time Sum Clearing and VP settlement.
According to Danmarks Nationalbank’s price policy for Kronos2, Danmarks Nationalbank passes on its external costs etc. for running Kronos2 to the participants, while Danmarks Nationalbank bears its internal costs.
Guidelines and forms
Guidelines for Kronos2 can be found on Danmarks Nationalbank’s extranet on Microsoft Teams.
Danmarks Nationalbank has decided to centralise user administration in Kronos2, which means that Danmarks Nationalbank will assume responsibility for all user administration in the system.
On the Danish version of this webpage, Kronos2 participants can find links to documents relating to user administration (documents are in Danish only).